Wednesday, June 10, 2020

The stock trading history in india - Free Essay Example

Introduction Background of Exchanges The stock trading history in India is obscured in the mists of time. Historical records, as and where they exist, rarely speak about business and speculative activity except in passing. However, the origin of stock broking in the country may go back to a time, when shares, debentures and bonds representing titles to property were first issued on the condition of transfer from one person to another and the earliest record of dealings in securities in India is the East India Companys loan securities, way back in the 18th century. The first stock exchange in India, Tokyo Stock Exchange, which was founded in 1878. The countrys second stock exchange was established in Ahmedabad in 1894, followed by the Calcutta Stock Exchange (CSE). CSE can also trace its origin back to 19th century. From a get together under a neem tree way back in the 1830s, the CSE was formally established in May 1908. Indias other major stock exchange National Stock Exchange (NSE), promoted by leading financial institutions, was established in April 1993. Over the years, several stock exchanges have been established in the major cities of India. There are now 23 recognised stock exchanges — Mumbai (BSE, NSE and OTC), Calcutta, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubhaneswar, Coimbatore, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kanpur, Ludhiana, Mangalore, Patna, Pune, Rajkot, Vadodara, Indore and Meerut. Today, most of the global stock exchanges have become highly efficient, computerised organisations. Computerised networks also m ade it possible to connect to each other and have fostered the growth of an open, global securities market. Though Stock Broking was practiced in Calcutta as early as 1836, the members of the broking profession had neither any code of conduct for their guidance, nor any permanent place for congregation. The centre of their activity was near a neem tree, where at present, stands the offices of the Chartered Bank (now known as Standard Chartered) on Netaji Subhas Road, Calcutta. In 1905, Chartered Bank began to construct their own building, which led brokers to shift the arena of their operation, the neighbourhood of the recent Allahabad Bank. The brokers had no shelter and business was carried on in the open place. The inconvenience of such trading, prompted brokers to organise themselves and in May 1908, an association was formed under the name and style of the Calcutta Stock Exchange Association at 2, China Bazar Street. At the time of incorporation in 1908, the Stock Exchange had 150 members. Today the total membership has risen to more than 900, which contains several corporate and institutional members. The number of companies listed on the Exchange is more than 3,500. The Annual turnover of the Exchange in 1997-98 was to the tune of Rs, 1,78,779 crores. The Calcutta Stock Exchange has been granted permanent recognition by the Central Government with effect from April 14, 1980 under the relevant provisions of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, with a view to render useful service to investors. In December 1993, SEBI directed the stock exchanges to discontinue the traditional system of carry forward of transactions (badla). Subsequently, it proposed an alternative system in March 1994, but no agreement could be reached on implementing this system. In February 1995, SEBI set up the G. S. Patel Committee (GSPC) to review the system of carry forward tran sactions. The GSPC submitted its report in March 1995. SEBI adopted the system recommended by the GSPC with some modifications in its decisions of July 27, 1995 and October 5, 1995. This Revised Carry Forward System (RCFS) was implemented in the BSE in January 1996, but the other exchanges in which the traditional carry forward system had been prevalent before December 1993 did not come forward to adopt the RCFS. A year after the implementation of RCFS, the President of the BSE wrote to SEBI in January 1997 requesting a relaxation of certain aspects of the RCFS to make it more practical and efficient. In its meeting of March 27, 1997, SEBI reviewed the entire sequence of developments relating to the RCFS and specifically noted that while introducing the RCFS in July 1995, SEBI had decided that the implementation of the revised carry forward system would be reviewed periodically by the Board, the first review being after three months. History of BSE An informal group of 22 stockbrokers began trading under a banyan tree opposite the Town Hall of Bombay from the mid-1850s, each investing a (then) princely amount of Rupee 1. This banyan tree still stands in the Horniman Circle Park, Mumbai. The informal group of stockbrokers organized themselves as the The Native Share and Stockbrokers Association which, in 1875, was formally organized as the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). In January 1899, the stock exchange moved into the Brokers Hall after it was inaugrated by James M Maclean. After the First World War, the BSE was shifted to an old building near the Town Hall. In 1928, the plot of land on which the BSE building now stands (at the intersection of Dalal Street, Bombay Samachar Marg and Hammam Street in downtown Mumbai) was acquired, and a building was constructed and occupied in 1930. Premchand Roychand was a leading stockbroker of that time, and he assisted in setting out traditions, conventions, and procedures for the t rading of stocks at Bombay Stock Exchange and they are still being followed. Several stock broking firms in Mumbai were family run enterprises, and were named after the heads of the family. The following is the list of some of the initial members of the exchange, and who are still running their respective business. D.S. Prabhudas Company (now known as DSP, and a joint venture partner with Merrill Lynch) Jamnadas Morarjee (now known as JM) Champaklal Devidas (now called Cifco Finance) Brijmohan Laxminarayan In 1956, the Government of India recognized the Bombay Stock Exchange as the first stock exchange in the country under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act. The BSE moved into its current premises the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers in 1980. The Bombay Stock Exchange followed the familiar outcry system for stock trading up until 1995, when it was replaced by an electronic (eTrading) system named BOLT, or the BSE OnLine Trading system. In 2005, the status of the exchange changed from an Association of Persons (AoP) to a full fledged corporation under the BSE (Corporatization and Demutualization) Scheme, 2005 (and its name was changed to The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited). BSE-Sensex The BSE SENSEX (also known as the BSE 30) is a value-weighted index composed of 30 scrips, with the base April 1979 = 100. The set of companies which make up the index has been changed only a few times in the last 20 years. These companies account for around one-fifth of the market capitalization of the BSE BSE other Indices Apart from BSE SENSEX, which is the most popular stock index in India, BSE uses other stock indices as well: BSE 100 BSE 500 BSEPSU BSEMIDCAP BSESMLCAP BSEBANKEX The National Stock Exchange Of India The National Stock Exchange of India Limited has genesis in the report of the High Powered Study Group on Establishment of New Stock Exchanges. NSE was promoted by leading Financial Institutions at the behest of the Government of India and was incorporated in November 1992. It is a tax-paying company unlike other stock exchanges in the country. On its recognition as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 in April 1993, NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market (WDM) segment in June 1994. The Capital Market (Equities) segment commenced operations in November 1994 and operations in Derivatives segment commenced in June 2000. NSE Group NSCCL, The Organization NSE.IT Ltd. India Index Services Products Ltd. (IISL) Dot Ex International Limited National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) 1. NSCCL, The Organization The National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd. (NSCCL), a wholly owned subsidiary of NSE, was incorporated in August 1995. It was set up with the following objectives: to bring and sustain confidence in clearing and settlement of securities; to promote and maintain, short and consistent settlement cycles; to provide counter-party risk guarantee, and to operate a tight risk containment system 2. NSE.IT Ltd NSE.IT, a 100% subsidiary of National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE), is the information technology arm of the largest stock exchange of the country. NSE.IT possesses the wealth of expertise acquired in the last six years by running the trading and clearing infrastructure of largest stock exchange of the country. NSE.IT is an Export Oriented Unit with STP and plans to go global for various IT services in due course. In the near future the company plans to release new products for Broker Back-office Operations and enhance NeatXS / Neat iXS to support Straight Through Processing on the net. 3. India Index Services Products Ltd. (IISL) India Index Services and Products Limited (IISL), a joint venture between NSE and CRISIL Ltd. (formerly the Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited). It was set up in May 1998 toIt provides a variety of indices and index related services and products for the Indian capital markets. It has a consulting and licensing agreement with Standard and Poors (SP), the worlds leading provider of investible equity indices, for co-branding equity indices. It maintains over 80 equity indices comprising broad-based benchmark indices, sect oral indices and customized indices. Many investment and risk management products based on IISL indices have been developed in the recent past, within India and abroad. These include index based derivatives traded on NSE and Singapore Exchange (SIMEX) and a number of index funds. 4. DotEx International Limited DotEx was a joint venture between i-flex Solutions Ltd. and NSE.IT Ltd. Recently NSE has taken over the shareholding and management of DotEx. DotEx was formed to provide world-class internet trading platforms which allows members of NSE to offer online trading facilities to their customers. Members of NSE can service a larger clientele by using the automated risk management features and thus increase volumes. Investors get comprehensive and updated information necessary to trade, along with a single-click convenience to fulfill their obligations The initial offering of DotEx is DotEx Plaza where multiple market participants such as members of NSE, depository participants and banks can offer web-based services to their customers. As a neutral aggregator and infrastructure provider, DotEx offers choice and convenience to investors. DotEx products may be classified under the following broad categories: Equity Trading Module Trading Module 5. National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) In order to solve the myriad problems associated with trading in physical securities, NSE joined hands with the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) and the Unit Trust of India (UTI) to promote dematerialization of securities. Together they set up National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL), the first depository in India. NSDL commenced operations in November 1996 and has since established a national infrastructure of international standard to handle trading and settlement in dematerialized form and thus completely eliminated the risks to investors associated with fake/bad/stolen paper. List of the companies in the sensex S. NO. NAME OF COMPANY SECTOR 1 ACC LTD. CEMENT 2 BAJAJ AUTO AUTOMOBILES 2/3W 3 BHEL CAPITAL GOODS 4 BHARTI AIRTEL TELICOM 5 CIPLA PHARMA 6 DR.REDDYS LAB PHARMA 7 GRASHIM INDUSTRIES DIVERSIFIED 8 GUJRAT AMBUJA CEMENT CEMENT 9 HDFC FINANCE 10 HDFC BANK FINANCE 11 HERO HONDA MOTORS AUTOMOBILES 2W 12 HINDUSTAN INDUSTRIES METAL,METAL PRODUCTS AND MINING 13 HINDUSTAN LEVER LTD. FMCG 14 ICICIBANK BANKING AND FINANCE 15 INFOSYS IT 16 ITC LTD. FMCG 17 L T CAPITAL GOODS AND CONSTRUCTION 18 MARUTI UDTOG LTD. AUTOMOBILES 19 NTPC POWER 20 ONGC OIL AND GAS 21 RNBAXY LAB. PHARMA 22 RELIANCE COMMUNICATION TELICOM 23 RELIANCE ENERGY POWER 24 RELIANCE INDUSTRIES DIVERSIFIED 25 SATYAM COMPUTER SERVICES IT 26 SBI BANKING AND FINANCE 27 TCS IT 28 TATA MOTORS AUTOMOBILES 29 TAAT STEEL METAL,METAL PRODUCTS AND MINING 30 WIPRO IT Scope and importance of the study RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Objective: â€Å"Comparative analysis of Religare Securities Ltd. online share trading and Religare Securities Ltd. offline share trading. Sub objectives To study the procedure, product and services of online and offline share trading. To know the preference of the factors which are important in online and offline share trading. To compare the online medium with Offline medium. To know the trading status of the Religare Securities Ltd. Clients. To know the service level of the Religare Securities Ltd. RESEARCH METHOLOGYS Define the problem. Planning a research design. Planning a sample. Gathering the data. Processing and analyzing the data. Formulating conclusions and preparing the report. Define the new problem. Problems online share trading As there are couples of good advantages there are also some technical disadvantages. As every coin have two sides. Disconnection from Internet In online share trading there is the possibility that your internet connection may get slow or get stopped, this may result in disconnection from share market. At such critical times you have to call your executive (from whom you opened your trading account) and place your order or square off your pending orders.] Computer Problem If your computer stops functioning then this may also result in disconnection from share market at this time also you have contact your executive. Other Problem Other problems like electricity disconnection. Solution for this is inverter or batter backup. Data collection Sources- Primary Data. Secondary Data. Primary Data Questionnaire. Secondary Data Magazines. Journals. Websites. THEROTICAL PROSPECTIVES RELIGARE Values that bind Religare : Company Profile Religare is a leading Financial Services Brokerage House with acknowledged industry Leadership in execution and clearing services on Exchange Traded Derivatives and cash market products. Key elements that place Religare amongst the leading Brokerage Houses and makes it the preferred service provider for value based financial services are: A Client-driven foundation and strategy committed to client-specific investment needs and objectives. Integrated and innovative use of Technology enabling clients to trade offline,online and Strategic tie-ups with latest technology partners to facilitate trading access and direct processing across 400 outlets in 160 cities Client-focused philosophy backed by memberships of all principal Indian Stock and Commodity Exchanges makes Religare a preferred service provider in the Industry for value based services. Religare confidently steers you through a challenging Financial and Trade Market every moment, whether you are present or not! Religare Group Religare Securities Ltd. Religare Finevest Ltd. Religare Wealth Management Services. Religare Capital Market Ltd. Religare Finance Ltd. Religare Insurance Holding Co. Ltd. Religare Realty Ltd. Religare Venture Capital Pvt. Ltd. Religare Insurance Broking Ltd. Religare Comodities Ltd. Religare Affiliation and Distribution Network Proven and accredited leaders in the Financial Services business, Religare provides you the unique opportunity to trade offline and online while cutting across all geographic barriers. Strategic Tie-ups that provide latest technology for access and processing Trading over 425 locations across 160 cities in India 24 hour access to Account Information via the Net or Electronic File Transfer (FTP) facilities. Membership of all Principal Indian Stock and Commodity Exchanges National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSEIL) Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Futures Option Segment of NSEIL BSE Dubai Gold Commodities Exchange (DGCX) National Commodity Derivatives Exchange Ltd. (NCDEX) Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) OTC Exchange of India Ltd (OTCEIL) Depository Participant with NSDL CDSL Corporate Agents for Life Non-Life Insurance (both foreign / private and state owned insurance companies) One of the largest distributors of leading Mutual Funds in India Religare Research Desk Philosophy â€Å"Investing means laying out money today to receive money in real terms after taking inflation into account, tomorrow† Thats because were realistic, experienced, backed by research and study and most importantly, client-driven. Empowering the Investor The Religare Research Desk has one key objective to empower you completely with Market Knowledge, Analysis and Advisory Services to help you prosper. Our team provides expert and timely analysis on equity and commodity to help you maximize your trading decisions. We offer value perspectives, suggest strategy, focus on opportunities for investment and growth, and endeavour to reduce risk potential. Trading Ideas Daily Market Strategies Monthly Updates Investment Ideas Trading Calls Commodity Views Religare as a trading partner Religare is driven by ethical and dynamic process for wealth creation. Religare Enterprise Limited through Religare Securities Limited, Religare Finevest Limited, Religare Commodities Limited and Religare Insurance Advisory Services Limited provides integrated financial services to its corporate, retail and wealth management clients. Religare operations are managed by highly skilled professionals who subscribe to Religare philosophy and are spread across its country-wide branches. Offline Service of Religare Se curities Limited R-ALLY RELIGAREs ALLY also known as R-ALLY is a perfect partner for savvy investers. Experience the comfort of our elite dealing rooms where all your trading requirements would be taken care of by experienced, well informed and contemporary dealers. You will also have dedicated relationship managers to take care of your multiple investments needs. Online Service of Religare Securities Limited R-ALLY Lite Brouser based plateform No software installation required NSE cash segment, NSE FO and BSE on single plateform Real-time streaming quotes Multiple watch lists Alerts and triggers Hot key functions Online transfer of funds through multiple banks Access your ledger balances and account information over internet, branch and call centre Trade online and over phone at branch Access to all your accounts through your customer relationship number (CRN) Dedicated Relationship Managers for assisting multiple investment needs R-ALLY Pro Application based plateform No software installation required NSE cash segment, NSE FO and BSE on single plateform Real-time streaming quotes Multiple watch lists Alerts and triggers Hot key functions Online transfer of funds through multiple banks Access your ledger balances and account information over internet, branch and call centre Trade online and over phone at branch Access to all your accounts through your customer relationship number (CRN) Dedicated Relationship Managers for assisting multiple investment needs How we will make trade easier Personal assistance Dedicated dealers for facilitating trading and post trade needs Dedicated Relationship Managers for assisting multiple investment needs Reasearch Advisory Regular news and updates on market Research services over SMS to keep you abreast Daily and weekly technical reports A complete information report on results and performance of individual companies. Complete reports on various economic sectors and their performance along with analysis of few major companies in that sector Trading calls in Future Opinion Daily capsule of market indices and index movement, national and international corporate news, bulk trade deals and market gains and losers, information on mutual funds and their performance along with forth coming IPO traker Add-Ons Access to all your accounts through your Customer Relationship Number (CRN) Access your ledger balances and account information over internet, branches and call centre What is a depository? A depository can be compared to a bank. A depository holds securities (like shares, debentures, bonds and units) of investors in electronic form. Besides holding securities, a depository also provides services related to transactions in securities. What are the benefits of depository system? The benefits of participating in a depository are: immediate transfer of securities; no stamp duty on transfer of securities; elimination of risks associated with physical certificates such as bad delivery, fake securities etc; reduction in paperwork involved in transfer of securities; reduction in transaction cost; nomination facility; change in address recorded with Depository Participant (DP) gets registered with all companies in which investor holds securities electronically, eliminating the need to correspond with each of them separately; transmission of securities is done by DP, eliminating correspondence with companies; convenient method of consolidation of portfolios/accounts; holding investments in equity and debt instruments in a single account. What is a DP? As an investor you open a securities account with a DP. DPs are attached to the depositories very much the same way as commercial banks are attached to RBI. All interactions including account opening, dematerialization, transactions, pledge etc are done through the DP. How do I select a DP? Are all DPs the same? You can select your DP to open a demat account just like you select a bank for opening a savings account. Some of the important factors for selection of a DP can be: Convenience: proximity to the office/residence, business hours. Comfort: reputation of the DP, past association, range of services etc. Find out if the DP is in a position to give the specific service you may need. Cost: the service charges levied by DP and the service standard. What should I do when I want to open an account with a DP? The process of opening an account with a DP is similar to the opening of a bank account. You can approach any DP of your choice and fill up an account opening form. At the time of opening an account, you have tosign an agreement with DP in a National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) prescribed standard agreement, which details your rights and duties and those of your DP. All investors have to submit their proof of identity and proof of address along with the prescribed account opening form. Proof of identity: your signature and photograph must be authenticated by an existing demat account holder with the same DP or by a bank manager. Alternatively, you can submit a copy of Passport, Voters ID card, Driving license or PAN card with photograph. Proof of address: you can submit a copy of Passport, Voters ID card, Driving license, PAN card with photograph, Ration card or Bank passbook as proof of address. You must remember to take original documents to the DP for verification. Passport-size photographs Dematerialization: Dematerialization is the process by which a client can get physical certificates converted into electronic balances maintained in his account with the DP. The dematerialization system is an alternative to the physical existence of securities. In this system securities are converted into the electronic form and deposited in a depository account in the investors name. In order to dematerialize certificates, an investor will have to first open an account with a DP and then request for the dematerialization of certificates by filling up a Dematerialization Request Form (DRF), which is available with the DP, and submitting the same along with the physical certificates. The investor has to ensure that before the certificates are handed over tothe DP for demat, they are defaced by marking Surrendered for Dematerialization on the face of the certificates. Features: Holdings in only those securities that are admitted for dematerialization by National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) can be dematerialized. Structure of holding in the securities should match with the account structure of the depository account. Now shares in different order of names can also be dematted. If the shares are in the name of X and Y, the same cannot be dematerialized into the account of either X or Y alone. However if the shares are in the name of X first and Y second, and the account is in the name of Y first and X second, then these shares can be dematerialized in this account. Only those holdings that are registered in the name of the account holder can be dematerialized. Physical shares which have not been transferred and are still there with a transfer deed cannot be dematted. Only a few companies have been given the permission to offer Transfer-cum-Demat. The list of these companies can be viewed here. Can I dematerialized any share certificate? You can dematerialize only those certificates that are already registered in your name and are in the list of securities admitted for dematerialization at NSDL. All the scrips included in SP CNX Nifty and BSE Sensex have already joined NSDL. This list has more than 2,800 companies and is steadily growing. Rematerialization: Rematerialization is the process by which a client can get his electronic holdings converted into physical certificates. The client has to submit the dematerialization request to the DP with whom he has an account along with a Remat request form. The physical shares will be posted by the company directly to the clients. Trades: For all sales made by clients, the shares will have to be given to the broker, so that the Pay In can be made by the broker to the stock exchange concerned. For that its essential that the shares be transferred to the account of the broker well before the deadline date. You must confirm with your broker the settlement date and settlement number and then submit your instructions to your DP. Alsoits important to give the instructions to your DP as early as possible. Pledge: Pledge enables you to obtain loans against your dematerialized shares. So you get liquidity without having to sell your shares. A highly simplified procedure may be availed of for pledging of securities in the electronic mode. The pledged securities continue tobe reflected in the DP account of the clients (pledgor) but the concerned securities are blocked and cannot be used for any transactions. As and when the pledge is to be removed, based on confirmations received from both the pledgor and the pledgee, the blocked securities will be released to Free Balance of the account holder. A very big advantage of using pledges in the electronic mode is that the securities continue to be in your account and therefore all benefitsviz Dividend, Bonus and Rightsaccrue to the holder, ie you and not the bank (pledgee). Corporate benefits: Corporate benefits are benefits given by a company to its investors. These may be either monetary benefits like dividend, interest etc or non-monetary benefits like bonus, rights etc. NSDL facilitates distribution of corporate benefits. Its important to mention your correct MICR No and attach copy of the cheque leaf with your account opening form. NSDL is planning to distribute all cash corporate benefits to bank accounts directly. Can my electronic holdings be converted back into certificates? Yes. If you wish to get back your securities in physical form, all you have to do is to request your DP for Rematerialisation of the same. Rematerialisation is the term used for converting electronic holdings back into certificates. Your DP will forward your request to NSDL after verifying that you have the necessary balances. NSDL in turn will intimate the registrar who will print the certificates and dispatch the same to you. What is the procedure for selling dematerialized securities? The procedure for selling dematerialized securities in stock exchanges is similar to the procedure for selling physical securities. Instead of delivering physical securities to the broker, you instruct your DP todebit your account with the number of securities sold by you and credit your brokers clearing account. This delivery instruction has to be given to your DP using the delivery instruction booklet received from the DP at the time of opening the account. The procedure for selling securities is given here below: Investor sells securities in any of the stock exchanges linked to NSDL through a broker. Investor gives instruction to DP to debit his account and credit the brokers (clearing member pool) account. Before the pay-in day, investors broker gives instruction to his DP for delivery to clearing corporation. The broker receives payment from the stock exchange (clearing corporation). The investor receives payment from the broker for the sale in the same manner payment is received for a sale in the physical mode. What should I do if I want to pledge electronic securities? The procedure is as follows: Both you (pledgor) as well as the lender (pledgee) must have depository accounts; You must initiate the pledge by submitting to your DP the details of the securities to be pledged in a standard format (available with your DP); The pledgee should confirm the request through his DP; Once this is done, your securities are pledged. All financial transactions between the pledgor and the pledgee are handled outside the depository system Can I freeze my account? Yes. The depository system provides the facility to freeze the depository accounts for any debits or for both debits and credits. In an account which is freezed for debits, no debits will be permitted from the account, till the time it is de-freezed. This is the additional security feature for the benefit of the investors. PRODUCTS IN RELIGARE SECURITIES LIMITED EQUITY Equities are shares in a company. It is the certificate of ownership of a corporation. In simple terms, when you invest in a companys stock or buy its shares, you own part of a company. Thus, as a stockholder, you share a portion of the profit the company may make, as well as a portion of the loss a company may take. As the company keeps doing better, your stocks will increase in value and yield higher dividends. Dividend: A sum of money, determined by a companys directors, paid to shareholders of a corporation out of its earnings. Once you enter the Stock market, you will frequently come across terms like Market Capitalization, Small-Cap Stocks, Mid-Cap Stocks and Large-Cap Stocks. Market Capitalization Cap is short for capitalization, the market value of a stock, indicating the size of the stock available. Calculating a stocks capitalization Market Capitalization = Market Price of the stock x The number of the stocks outstanding* shares (*Outstanding means the shares held by the public) For example, if Stock A has a Current Market Price of Rs 20 per share, and there are 1,00,000 shares in the hands of public investors, then Stock A has a capitalization of 20,00,000. Small-Cap Stocks The stocks of small companies that have the potential to grow rapidly are classified as small-cap stocks. These stocks are the best option for an investor who wishes to generate significant gains in the long run; as long he does not require current dividends and can withstand price volatility. Generally companies that have a market Capitalization in the range of upto 250 Corers are small cap stocks. Mid-Cap Stocks Mid-cap stocks are typically stocks of medium-sized companies. These are stocks of well-known companies, recognized as seasoned players in the market. They offer you the twin advantages of acquiring stocks with good growth potential as well as the stability of a larger company. Generally companies that have a market Capitalization in the range of 250-4000 crores are mid cap stocks. BULL AND BEAR MARKET The uses of Bull and Bear to describe markets have been derived from the manner in which each of these animals attacks its opponents. A bull thrusts its horns up intothe air, and a bear swipes its paws down. These actions are metaphors for the movement of a market: if the trend is up, it is considered a Bull market. And if the trend is down, it is considered a Bear market. The supply and demand for securities largely determine whether the market is in the Bull or Bear phase. Forces like investor psychology, government involvement in the economy and changes in economic activity also drive the market up or down. These combine to make investors bid higher or lower prices for stocks. DERIVATIVES A derivative is a financial instrument whose value depends on the values of other underlying variables. As the name suggests it derives its value from an underlying asset. For Ex-a derivative, may be created for a share, or any material object. The most common underlying assets include stocks, bonds, commodities etc. Sunit buys a futures contract in the scrip Indraprastha Gas limited. He will make a profit of Rs.500 if the price of Indraprastha Gas Limited rises by Rs 500. If the price remains unchanged Sunit will receive nothing. If the stock price of Indraprastha Gas limited falls by Rs 800 he will lose Rs 800. Different types of Derivatives? Derivatives are basically classified into the following: Futures /Forwards Option Futures /Forwards A futures contract is a type of derivative instrument, or financial contract where two parties agree to transact a set of financial instruments or physical commodities for future delivery at a particular price. A forward contract is the simplest mode of a derivative transaction. It is an agreement to buy or sell a specific quantity of an asset at a certain future time for a specified price. Nocash is exchanged when the contract is entered into. Index futures are futures contracts where the underlying is a stock index (Nifty or Sensex) and helps a trader to take a view on the market as a whole. Lot size refers to the quantity in which an investor in the markets can trade in a derivative of particular scrip. For Ex-Nifty Futures have a lot size of 100 or multiples of 100. Each contract entered into has an expiry period. This refers to the period within which the futures contract must be fulfilled. Futures contracts may have durations of 1 month, 2 months or at the most 3 months. OPTIONS An option is part of a class of securities called derivatives. The concept of options can be explained with this example. For instance, when you are planning to buy some property you might have placed a nonrefundable deposit to hold it for a short time while you evaluate other options. That is an example of a type of option. Buying a stock option is quite similar. Options are contracts that give the holder the right to buy or sell a fixed amount of a certain stock at a specified price within a specified time. A put option gives the holder the right to sell the security; a call option gives the right to buy the security. However, this type of contract gives the holder the right, but not the obligation to trade stock at a specific price before a specific date. Different types of Options CALL OPTION A call option gives the holder the right to buy the underlying stock at the strike price anytime before the expiration date. Generally Call options increase in value as the value of the underlying instrument increases. PUT OPTION Put option gives the holder the right to sell shares of the underlying stock at the strike price on or before the expiry date. The put option gains in value as the value of the underlying instrument decreases. A put option is one where one can insure a stock against subsequent price fall. If the value of your stocks goes down, you can exercise your put option and sell it at the price level decided upon earlier. MUTUAL FUNDS A mutual fund is a common pool of money into which investors with common investment objectives place their contributions that are to be invested, in accordance with the stated objective of the scheme. The investment manager invests the money collected into assets that are defined by the stated objective of the scheme. For example, an Equity fund would invest in Equity and Equity related instruments and a Debt fund would invest in Bonds, Debentures, Gilts etc Documents required to open a Demat Account All investors have to submit their proof of identity and proof of address along with the prescribed account opening form. 1. Proof of identity : You can submit a copy of Passport, Voters ID card, Driving licence or PAN card. 2. Proof of address : You can submit a copy of Passport, Voters ID card, Driving licence, PAN card, Ration card or Bank passbook as proof of address. You must remember to take original documents to the DP for verification. 3. Passport-size photograph : If you open 3-in-1 account then 3 passport-size photograph is necessary and if you open only demat account and trading account then only twopassport-size photograph is necessary. PRICING FOR CLIENTS Account Opening Charges: Rs.500 for Demat account trading account Payback Opening Charges: No payback Account Maintenance Charges: Rs. 250 p.a. Spot Payment: Not Avialable Exposure: 10 times in intraday Bank Collaborations: All Nationalised Private BanksData collection Data collection Sources- 1). Primary Data. 2). Secondary Data. 2. Primary Data Questionnaire. Secondary Data. Magazines. Journals. Websites. DATA ANALYSIS AND   INTERPRETATION Mode of trading online offline mode of trading offline online total number of clients 61 39 100

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Critical Consciousness An Understanding Of Power,...

Critical Consciousness According to Lum (2007) critical consciousness â€Å"is a process through which people come to an understanding of power, empowerment, and oppression. Developing critical consciousness is a two-step process that involves learning to perceive social, political, and economic contradictions and action against oppressive elements†. Experiences throughout life assist in the multiple identities that people have. It is important to â€Å"understand people through their construction and enactment of their multiple identities† (Lum, 2007, p.48). In order to understand the diversity of a person, social workers need to: 1. Approach every interpersonal helping practice relationship with an awareness of who you are as a cultural self and what you have to offer as a helping person. 2. Equalize the power relationship between you as the professional worker and the client as the vulnerable individual so that you both become persons in the eyes of the other. 3. Find out what is similar and common between you as the worker and the person as the client and affirm the similarities and commonalities. 4. Explore the differences between the worker and the client, respecting and learning from them, and incorporate these unique features in the relationship. 5. Address the multiple identities of the client and relate them to your multiple identities as the worker, understanding where they came from and how they are formed in the beings of two people. 6. Understand and respect how eachShow MoreRelatedStructural and Postmodern Social Work Theories2765 Words   |  12 PagesCritical social work theory does not hold one single definition; rather it refers to an expansive range of theories that a share similar orientation. Critical social work is committed to working with and for oppressed populations to achieve social transformation. Critical social work recognizes that large scale social processes Ââ€" namely those associated with class, race and gender Ââ€" fundamentally contribute to the personal and social issues social workers encounter in practice (Healy, 2001). TheRead MoreThe Theory Of Empowerment Theory3634 Words   |  15 Pages3.2.3 Empowerment Theory The concept of empowerment is of increasing interest to researchers, practitioners and citizens concerned about mental health issues. In some respects, empowerment is a new buzzword. As Edelman (1977) has noted in relation to language and the politics of human services, sometimes new language is used to describe the same old practices. Others believe that empowerment language can actually lead to raised awareness (Rappaport, 1986). Regardless, a growing number of peopleRead MoreThe Systemic Symptoms Of Poverty Americans Essay1533 Words   |  7 Pagesstruggle with food insecurity, the most vulnerable population being households with children, single parents, and minorities (USDA, 2013). There is varying research driven opinions for understanding and surviving poverty; unfortunately, the limited available research on the larger systematic mechanisms for oppression is troubling. When searching, these systemic symptoms of poverty are most transparent within communities. A large number of the population holds experience to some degree of people whoRead MoreWomen s Roles Of Reproduction1466 Words   |  6 Pagesfrom the motherhood and marriage obligations. Conversely, other lesbian authors such as Audre Lorde and Adrienne Rich utilized writing, speeches, and poetry in linking women’s oppression and heterosexuality. These rhetoricians asserted that heterosexuality is an unavoidable institution that is aimed at perpetuating men’s power across race and class. In Lorde’s (1984) Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches and Rich’s (1980) On Lies, Secrets, and Silence, these rhetoricians examined how classicism, racismRead MoreDifferent Types Of Adult L earning1744 Words   |  7 Pagesskills empowerment. The model emphasizes that tacking action against some exploitation in the society will promote emancipatory learning. The effort of promoting emancipatory learning in the society brings adult educators into conflict with some of the philosophical believes about adult education. For instance, the philosophy of Bwith assumed that a learner’s life expectancy plays a key role in an individual learning process. He based his constraints on development of critical consciousness of a studentRead MoreFemale Chauvinist Pigs : Women And The Rise Of Raunch Culture1671 Words   |  7 Pagesthey work in male dominated and cut-throat worlds. To succeed, they ultimately have to become ‘one of the boys’ or otherwise come across as uptight. Levy’s highly critical of Sex and the City, Carrie in particular, because she ‘rarely evaluated her own happiness’ and instead ‘measured men’s interest’ which is a ‘flawed guide to empowerment.’ It was a source of sex education, an insight into the fashionable American woman, and covered important subjects I’d never considered before, like abortion. AnRead More South Asian Women Essay2227 Words   |  9 Pagesthousands years ago, continue to be oppressed by a dominant group of men. These women suffer further oppression through the strict adherence to cultural garb. Still today, media and educational system portray South Asian women as self-sacrificing, faithful to the family, and submissive to men. 1. Identify and understand the vulnerable population. Various theorists under the umbrella of critical social theory believe that all subordinate groups are oppressed on personal, cultural and institutionalRead MoreAnalysis Of Patricia Hill Collinss Critical Race Theory726 Words   |  3 PagesThe contributions of female thinkers have generally been overlooked thought-out the years, even though they have an understanding of theory and society similar to their male counterparts. There are many women who have made a major contribution to the development of modern day sociology. Patricia Collins is a well-known sociology professor at the University of Maryland, College Park. Her work focuses on several issues concerning issues with feminism and gender in the African American community. SheRead MoreEmpowerment and Strengths-Based Perspective: Social Work Essay4769 Words   |  20 PagesEmpowerment and a strengths perspective which support the development of innate abilities and recognize differences in a positive manner are also helping social workers increase the individual client’s capacity to learn to use his or her own systems constructively More than a simple linguistic nuance, the notion that social workers do not empower others, but instead, help people empower themselves is an ontological distinction that frames the reality experienced by both social workers andRead MoreConflict And Social Behavior Perspective1718 Words   |  7 Pagesperspective play an important role in Dasani’s life (Hutchinson, 2015). The reader will have a better understanding of the perspective through examples in Dasani’s life. This paper will conclude with a reflection of the writer’s future profession in the social work field. Conflict Perspective Defined Conflict perspective is seen through the lens of someone who has power and seeks to oppress people with less power, sometime through discrimination or control (Hutchinson, 2015). Individuals who are not in the

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Analysis My Life Had Stood a Loaded Gun Essay - 2511 Words

Emily Dickinson is a poet known for her cryptic, confusing language. Words are often put together in an unusual way and create deciphering difficulties for the reader. But behind all the confusion is a hidden meaning that becomes clear, and one realizes that all the odd word choices were chosen for a specific reason. The poem I will try to analyze is My Life Had Stood—A Loaded Gun, or number 754. I find this to be one of her most difficult poems to decode. However, I find the images fascinating and the last stanza very confusing but intriguing. What I first thought the poem was about and what I finally came to a conclusion on are two completely different thoughts. Through answering questions on the poem’s literary elements, thorough†¦show more content†¦In stanza two, the near rhyme is â€Å"And now We roam in Sovereign Woods—/And now We hunt the Doe—†, where the reader is able to detect the long ‘o’ in the two end words . In stanza three, the rhyme is in lines two and four: â€Å"†¦Upon the Valley glow—/It is as a Vesuvian face/Had let it’s pleasure through—†. The ‘oh’ sound in â€Å"glow† is mirrored with the longer ‘ooh’ in â€Å"through.† In stanza four, the near rhyme can be heard in lines one and three: â€Å"And when at Night—Our good Day done—/I guard My Master’s Head—/’Tis better than the Eider-Duck’s/Deep Pillow—to have shared—†. This near rhyme is more complex than previously mentioned rhymes, because the reader hears the rhyme of two sounds: â€Å"Day† in line one and â€Å"Eider† in line three are similar because of the ‘d’ and then a sharper-sounding vowel—an ‘a’ and an ‘e.’ Then, the words following, â€Å"done† and â€Å"duck,† respectively, also sound near to each other again because of the ‘d,’ but this time the duller, lower sounding vowel comes from the ‘o’ and ‘u.’ When â€Å"Day done† and â€Å"Eider-Duck† are read out loud, the reader can hear the double, almost alliteral sounds made from the repetitive ‘d’ and corresponding vowels. I found stanza five’s near rhyme to have some debate: â€Å"To foe of His—I’m deadly foe—/None stir the second time—/On whom I lay a Yellow Eye—/Or an emphatic Thumb—†. Initially, I thought the near rhyme could be heard with â€Å"time† and â€Å"thumb,†Show MoreRelatedAnalysis of Dickinsons Poem, My Life had Stood a Loaded Gun631 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"My Life had stood – a Loaded Gun† In the poem, â€Å"My Life had stood – a Loaded Gun,† published around 1863, Emily Dickinson effectively uses metaphorical language in making the speaker compare him/her self to a loaded gun. The speaker speaks as if he/she is a loaded gun waiting to expose their full potential. When reading this poem, one could definitely see religious connotations in that one cannot reach his/her full potential without The Master’s – God’s – help and direction. In â€Å"My Life had stoodRead MoreAnalysis Of Emily Dickinson s Poem My Life Had Stood- A Loaded Gun 993 Words   |  4 Pagestheme in most of Dickinson s poems is the wonders of nature, and the identity of self, as well as death and life. The five poems with the common theme of death are: â€Å"My Life had Stood- A Loaded Gun†, â€Å"I Heard A Fly Buzz- When I Died†, â€Å"Behind Me Dips- Eternity†, â€Å"Because I Could Not Stop for Death†, and â€Å"I â€Å"I Felt a Funeral in my Brain.† In the first poem â€Å"My Life had Stood- A Loaded Gun†, Emily Dickinson really plays into human emotion by describing anger as a â€Å"Vesuvian face† which is essentiallyRead MoreFemale Oppression By Emily Dickinson And Charlotte Perkins Gilman1729 Words   |  7 Pagesof American Literature there has been a common theme of male oppression. Especially towards the end of the 19th century, before the first wave of feminism, women were faced with an unshakeable social prison. Husband, home and children were the only life they knew, many encouraged not to work. That being said, many female writers at the time, including Emily Dickinson and Charlotte Perkins Gilman, were determined to examine the mind behind the American woman, through the lens of mental illness andRead MoreEssay about Loaded Gun Symbolism Depicted in Emily Dickinsons Poem, 7541993 Words   |  8 Pagesâ€Å"754,† the narrator immediately compares her life to a weapon, â€Å"My Life had stood -- a Loaded Gun --† (754). Usually, when one thinks of a gun, he or she might think of death instead of love. In most cases, when a person owns or has a possession of a gun, that person might use the gun for protection. A gun is an inanimate object that has the potential or power to take the life of a human. From analyzing the poem â€Å"754,† the narrator symbolizes a loaded gun, full of potential, full of power, waitingRead MoreBibliography Relation to Analysis of Emily Dickinson ´s Writings2048 Words   |  8 Pageswords that aren’t real, yet which, add meaningfulness of vivacity and command of language scarcely found in poetry (Borus 89-91). In Dickinson’s Safe in their Alabaster Chambers deliberates a religious perspective of death, incorporating the idea of life following death or hereafter. There are heptad degrees of imagery found in this poem including those about religion, society’s politics, money and the greed thereof, geometry, iti nerants, sexual implications, as well as musical ones. Dickinson alsoRead More Emily Dickinsons My Life Had Stood:A Loaded Gun Essay2395 Words   |  10 PagesEmily Dickinsons My Life Had Stood:A Loaded Gun Emily Dickinson is a poet known for her cryptic, confusing language. Words are often put together in an unusual way and create deciphering difficulties for the reader. But behind all the confusion is a hidden meaning that becomes clear, and one realizes that all the odd word choices were chosen for a specific reason. The poem I will try to analyze is My Life Had Stood—A Loaded Gun, or number 754. I find this to be one of her most difficult poemsRead MoreChinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart: Exploring the Ibo Culture1743 Words   |  7 Pagesartistic world of the African past. He has convinced his readers that â€Å"African people did not hear of culture for the first time from the Europeans; that their societies were not mindless but frequently had a philosophy of great depth and value and beauty, that they had poetry and, above all, they had dignity.† (Innes and Lindfors 65). He portrays the psychological problems of a generation of Africans suddenly plunged i nto a modern world. Whatever was written earlier about Africa was to depict it asRead MoreEssay about Nature in the Works of Emily Dickinson1368 Words   |  6 Pagesdoes exist in the human world and she wants to tell the world. Dickinsons poems are mostly written by nature, love, and death according to Anna Dunlap in her analysis. Dickinsons sister, Lavinia, is the one who published Dickinsons work, on her first attempt the editor that was responsible was taking her sweet time. This editor had Dickinsons work for two years so Lavinia decided to find another editor and Loomis Todd is the right person and editor for this job. Once Lavinia found the perfectRead MoreImagery Of Women By Adrienne Rich1540 Words   |  7 Pagessocialist because â€Å"socialism represents moral values – the dignity and human rights of all citizens† (Daily News). In one of her poems, â€Å"Necessities of life,† Rich focused on death. Adrienne Rich got a negative reaction to her earlier poem â€Å"Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law† which was her first overly feminist poem (Marilyn Hacker) and thought she had failed, so she focused on death in her next poem â€Å"as a sign of how erased she felt when her own sense of coming into rightful subject matter and voiceRead MoreThe taste of melon by borden deal11847 Words   |  48 Pagesthought about. We had moved just the year before, and sixteen is still young enough that the bunch makes a difference. I had a bunch, all right, but they weren’t sure of me yet. I didn’t know why. Maybe because I’d lived in town, and my father still worked there instead of farming, like the other fathers did. The boys I knew, even Freddy Gray and J.D., still kept a small distance between us. Then there was Willadean Wills. I hadn’t been much interested in girls before. But I had to admit to myself

Friday, May 15, 2020

Taking a Brief Look at Poverty in Egypt Essay - 1704 Words

Poverty In Egypt Poverty is not only affecting poor ones but the whole society is totally affected by it. The rate if poverty actually depends on the country and its condition, the more the country is corrupted the more the poverty increases, thats why in the most developed countries the rate of poverty becomes too lower than the developing ones. Being a poor person means being deprived of the basic needs to live as a human being in any society and thats why according to human rights there should be no poor people living in earth. Although a country like Egypt is full of resources and promising market but still the rate of poverty is very depressing especially that it is in continues rising every year and with all the attempts made to†¦show more content†¦According to Andrew Bossone â€Å"The poverty rate reached 23.4 percent in 2008/09, up from 20 percent the previous year† The percentage of poverty increases each year with a great amount and it’s expected to grow more and fas ter each of the coming years because nothing had been done that could stop such problem by the contrary the condition of the country had been bad so the case is getting worse. (Bossone Andrew, 2014) Another cause of the poverty problem in Egypt is the over population , the number of citizens living in the country is too big according to the space in the country specially that most of the people are centralised in the rural areas while leaving the urban areas in attempts to find work there and this makes it very hard for this huge number of people to be absorbed by limited areas and resources. There is an increase in the birth rate in Egypt that made the population increase dramatically year after year. The overpopulation doesnt give opportunity to everyone to enjoy a life the way they should , there are no jobs for all theseShow MoreRelatedA Single Person, Group, Event Or Community1292 Words   |  6 Pagesdetailed insight data, interview can be used as an effective tool .the facts can be gathered from the individual, friends, family, employer and other people surrounding the individual on which the case is studied. 7. Aditya Birla Birla Group 7.1 Brief Profile of Aditya Birla Group The Aditya Birla Group is 40 billion US$ corporation and is one of fortune 500 company while having its footsteps in 36 countries globally. It is a leading player in fiber, metals, branded apparel viscose staple cementRead MoreSanta Bibli The Bible Through Hispanic Eyes, Justo L. Gonzalez1513 Words   |  7 Pagesbecome all that God wants us and all of the world to be—in other words, the struggle for salvation/liberation.† (Gonzà ¡lez 1996, 28-29) Published hot on the heels of the quincentennial of Columbus’ voyage to the new world, and abreast of discussions taking place in the larger Hispanic community, Gonzà ¡lez’s book is both timely and well researched. His central aim is not just to provide one example of a legitimate, contextual (Hispanic) perspective. He also is eager to show that embracing different theologicalRead MoreGovernment Corruption : Exposing The Truth2940 Words   |  12 Pagesis one world problem that can be reduced drastically by citizens of the world? That would be political and governmental corruption. Some countries it may be easier to have a impact than others like in America and that is why as an American citizen taking the most steps that we can to help this problem is not just our right but our duty. In the United States contrary to the average citizens conditioning towards the government corruption isn’t really as bad compared to many countries. But no matterRead MoreSlavery : The Old Testament4666 Words   |  19 Pagesespecially in the Old Testament. Many Christians, Jews, and theologians have tried to ignore the problem of slavery in the bible by arguing that the Old Testament verses only talk of indentured servants or actually, servants to make the slavery in the bible look less immoral and more ethical. Most biblical translations employ words like Passages like those that the ones found in Exodus 21: 2-11 were tragically adopted by Americans to justify the actions and existence of slavery. Most people have in most instancesRead MoreEconomic History Of Israel And Saudi Arabia Essay3721 Words   |  15 Pageshalf-brother King Khalid. King Khalid, determined to continue the growth Saudi Arabia, oversaw the economic and social development of the country. By the 1990s, the effects of the oil money were beginning to show with rapid urbanization and modernization taking place. In 2005, Abdullah succeeded King Fahd and set on a path to economically enhance the country and further reduce its dependence on oil revenues. In December of that year Saudi Arabia joined the World Trade Organization, giving it access to worldwideRead MoreA Look At Israel s Economy3116 Words   |  13 Pageswell as the result of those decisions and how it transitions to the world market. It is extremely important to understand the role of each country and how it conducts business in the global economy. The main focus of this essay is to take an indepth look at Israel’s economy both internally and globally. Israel has been around for millions of years and is one of the most fought over lands in the world. Israel’s history begins when the first zionist immigrants came to Palestine after World War I. TheRead MoreCase Studies in IMFs Investment on the African Continent10534 Words   |  42 PagesIntebted Poor Countries (HIPCs), which makes them eligible for some special f unding but not without corresponding special costs and obligations. The conditions are set out in the individual countries contracts, and what has become known as the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRS or PRSP) system. In its two- or three-year PRS, the borrowing country agrees to conditions, usually including reform of the financial and monetary systems, but also usually removing barriers to trade, i.e. tariffsRead MoreDo Muslim Women Really Need Saving?7400 Words   |  30 Pagesbetween the Taliban and the terrorists, so that they became almost one word-a kind of hyphenated monster identity: the Taliban-and-the-terrorists.Then there was the blurring of the very separate causes in Afghanistan of womens continuing malnutrition, poverty, and ill health, and their more recent exclusion under the Taliban from employment, schooling, and the joys of wearing nail polish. On the other hand, her speech reinforced chasmic divides, primarily between the civilized people throughout the worldRead MoreMcdonald International Marriott International Hotels2960 Words   |  12 Pagesarray of different options at different price points. I will compare the hotels in a table form though out the paper to make it easier to see the comparisons as they line up next to each other. CATERGORIES Marriott International Hilton WorldWide Brief History - Opened in 1927 J.Willard Marriott opened a rootbeer stand which later evolved into Marriott International Hotels. - Has over 4,000 properties across 72 countries and 18 different brands under the Marriott name. - Courtyard by Marriott wasRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Exodus 4179 Words   |  17 Pagessimilarities in the way in which women have been portrayed in extra-biblical text in the Ancient Near Eastern History. INTRODUCTION The book of exodus is divided in to two main parts; A first part tells the story of God’s rescue of people of Israel from Egypt and his bringing them to mount Sinai (Chaps. 1-19), and a second part describes his covenant with them, made as they encamped at mount Sinai (Chaps. 20-40). Exodus is a book which talks about the rescue from human bondages and bondage from sins. The

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Dress - 1091 Words

The dress The dress is written by Julia Darling, it’s a short story from 2006. The mothers name is Larry; she’s 40-year old and divorced. She works as a bereavement counselor and she lives with her two daughters, Rachel and Flora. Larry is described as a very unnoticeable woman, who does her best to avoid conflict and confrontation. Example from the text: â€Å"whispered the mother, who wanted life to be calm, a flat sea with no sudden breezes. She liked emotions to be explored in safe rooms, with a clock†. It means that she wants her family to appear happy, so all these emotions should be explored at home where nobody else can see it. Even though she’s having a hard time finding her personal life and her job and needs to rest and relax†¦show more content†¦We achieve a better understanding for all three persons and their actions. The story draws a line to post modernism by providing a picture of a family trying to fool the world into thinking that they are happy, when the truth is that they are not. It is far more important to appear happy than being so. One of the themes is definitely the single mother with a career, trying to make her family work. It is also a story about separated parents, where the communication is the one that suffers in that process and therefore is the one that does not work. There’s Flora who choose the Light green dress. I Think the dress means Happy and loved. Because when she found the dress she finally saw herself prettier than Rachel. And also when she went with her Italian friend and he confirmed that she had slim and long legged. There’s also the blue silk dress. Flora feel confident because blue is a royal color and royalty is often equalized with good manners and perfect appearance. And the other symbol is when Rachel wears a black dress with red earrings. The color was chosen to show the anger and the hate she feels for her sister. I think Red symbolizes rage and anger, and black symbolizes death or hatred. Earlier in the story Rachel taps her red nails on the table, which also implants a certain awareness of the feelings she has towards her sister. The theme(s) I think thatShow MoreRelatedDress And On The Floor Of The Dress1839 Words   |  8 Pagesdress and on two points of in the center of the upper section of the dresses. The entire dress is decorated with motifs of five-pointed stars, birds, a turtle, a Maltese cross, and a turtle. The upper section of the dress is decorated with equally spaced white five-pointed stars that are all outlined by a light shade of orange to help distinguish them against the blue background. In the very center of the section is a simplified, red, human figure dressed in a long robe and wielding a curved objectRead MoreWomen s Dress And Dress2207 Words   |  9 Pagesthe aesthetic standard in dress for women, whether in terms of material, style and appearance (Rothstein, 1999: 2). French fashion had successively experienced several distinctive stages. For instance, Rococo (luxury court-style showing femininity, slimness and mannerism) was in stark contrast to the Baroque (characteristic with dignity and elegance). However, since the 1870s, the Enlightenment and the French Evolution had exerted a profound effect on the women’s dress in France. In this way, thisRead MoreDress for success1693 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Dress for success By Kira Gusak Mrs. Cathy Bauer Western Literature and Humanities 11 April 2014 ii Dress for success Thesis: A person who wears nice cloths is more successful and self-confident Outline I. Introduction (You are a turtle with your shell) II. How dressing affects your attitude III. â€Å"You look fantastic† is the best compliment that can be said. IV. Knowledge of knowing how to combine clothes will help withRead MoreWedding Dress : A Wedding841 Words   |  4 Pagesobserving all wore pink to the appointment to show their group identity and support of the bride. The act of finding a wedding dress brings people together and is an integral part of the wedding process even though it occurs months before the actual wedding. The selection of who attends the appointment with the bride is almost as important as the larger goal of finding a dress. For example, by allowing her mother-in-law to attend the appointment, Elizabeth helped to foster a relationship between theRead MoreDress Code And Dress Codes1565 Words   |  7 PagesWhen it comes to dress code, every individual has a different viewpoint for its implementation. There are clothes that could be fashionable to one person but seen as offensive to another. A dress code can be justifiable when put into a situation that really does require certain attire to be worn. It gives a s ense of formality and distinguishes an individual apart from a group. This report seeks to compare and contrast the characteristics of school dress codes with that of dress codes in the workplaceRead MoreDress for Success2268 Words   |  10 PagesDress for Success As much as we all wish to deny it, the way we dress has a big impact on our success in life. One way to acknowledge this idea is through the use of school uniforms. Over time, schools have become aware of the importance of uniforms: In 2007–08, about 18 percent of public school principals reported that their school required students to wear uniforms. In 1999–2000, the percentage of principals who reported that their school required students to wear uniforms was 12 percent (â€Å"FastRead MoreSchool Dress Code And Anti Dress Codes Essay855 Words   |  4 Pagesaffected by dress codes for many years. Others, for better or for worse, never had to deal with them. It has been debated for years between parents, students, and school systems alike as to whether or not dress codes are appropriate to enforce. This essay will summarize, make an argument, and analyze Krystal Miller’s article on this subject, titled, â€Å"School Dress Codes†. â€Å"School Dress Codes† is a 1990 article about the issues surrounding various city’s experiences with enforcing a school dress codeRead MoreDress Code Essay926 Words   |  4 Pagesthroughout many high schools. What is it you say? The answer is dress codes. â€Å"A  set  of  rules  specifying  the  garb  or  type  of   clothing  to  be  worn  by  a group  or  by  people  under  specific  circumstances† ( School are failing to address equally among women, but shame and sexualize their bodies. Social media post and news broadcast are storming the nation as more and more situations with girls being called out for breaking the dress code. This is something not just another problem the countryRead MoreThe Dress Code At School913 Words   |  4 PagesHave you ever had a problem with the dress code at your school? School that I attend has numerous problems dealing with the dress code considering some of the students decided not to follow it. Teachers have to take some time out of their class time to send the students to the office for dressing inappropriately. Since students cannot follow the simple dress code, schools should require students to wear uniforms. Few public schools in the Tennessee require students to wear uniforms. In the currentRead MoreDress Co de Essay1016 Words   |  5 Pages Dress code has always been an issue ,it has some advantages and some disadvantage .But do you thing dress code is something that is necessary?Clothing ,like other aspects of humans physical appearance ,has a social significance .Dress code has build in rules or signals indicating the message being given by a person clothing and how it can worm. Some pro statement I consider important should be that uniforms can increase students safety . Having uniforms can prevent for students

The Difference Between Right And Wrong And Good Versus Evil

Ashanti Mcgary Professor Wendi Dunlap English 1302 11 May 2015 Good versus Evil The difference between right and wrong and good versus evil can be simplified in a basic short story text. Flannery O Connor bases its concept of good versus evil in A Good Man is Hard to Find. The characters justify this theory. Flannery O Conner, as a Catholic, saw the nature of good vs. evil and centers around the literature A Good Man is Hard to Find, by utilizing the roles of these characters. O Connor’s theory is contributed to God’s work towards ordinary people. The characters in the story such as The Misfit, Harry/Bevel, and Mr. Guizac perform a form of salvation for themselves that go against their will. A quote from Frederick Crews mentions O’Connor’s work as â€Å"not finally about salvation, but about doom the sudden and irremediable realization that there is no exit from being, for better or worse, exactly who one is† (Crews qtd. In McMullen 58). In O’Connor’s short story, there is a lot of shocking reality checks that th e family views throughout. In my perception, O’Connor’s view of salvation is just being who you are. This serves it correctly by O’Connor quoting â€Å"Who should not be so pro ne to ignore how very divisive grace is; we should not so often forget that it cuts with the sword Christ came to bring† (O’Connor qtd. in Muller 100). In all definition of the many type of people in this everyday life such as, criminals, foreigners, Christ followers, and children, includeShow MoreRelatedThe Duality Within People By Christopher Nolan s The Dark Knight1278 Words   |  6 PagesThe eternal struggle between good and evil is seen within human nature, as it is one of the most complex and controversial topics analyzed by many philosophers since the Ancient Greeks. The confrontation and differences of good and evil are displayed in Christopher Nolan’s The Dark Knight, through the character of Harvey Dent, who becomes Two-Face. Two-Face plays a crucial role for the understanding of human nature, as he is a manifestation of the inner turmoil of good versus evil that resides withinRead MoreStar Wars : A New Hope1556 Words   |  7 Pagesmise-en-scà ¨ne adds depth to the themes in Star Wars: Episode IV—A New Hope (1977), paying particular attention to ‘good versus evil’. This theme stands out in because it speaks to one of the oldest struggles of all, the battle between right and wrong. A main aspect of mise-en-scà ¨ne that plays an influential role in defining the difference between characters that have been designated as good and evil is the use of fabric choices and the costumes they wear. Bordwell and Thomson say in Film Art an Introduction:Read MoreUniversal Truths in Japanese Literature1573 Words   |  7 PagesUniversal Truths such as Good vs. Evil, Greed vs. Generosity, and Outer Strength vs. Inner Strength affect the people of Japan, and reflects on how the live their life, and their outlook on the world. The universal truth of Good vs. Evil reflects Japanese culture through, the history, the people, their outlook on life, and their actions. Evil is usually perceived as the opposite of good. In history it is to be known that Good always conquers evil. Every language has a meaning for good, and a word thatRead MoreEvil : Evil And Evil981 Words   |  4 Pagesto neither good nor evil, and it s the life experience that impressed with the man as he grows up. Everyone has an evil seed planted inside him. Only the really evil person acts on it and commits actions morally wrong. On the other side, the good person has many ideas how to live the life having morals. Everybody has the potential to bring out whether the good side of him or the evil side. Humans should work on doing the right, but at the same time they can be evil and have been evil at some pointRead MoreDisney Films: The Little Mermaid1588 Words   |  7 Pagespositive moral overarching theme of Hans Christian Andersen’ s original story. The historical, cultural, and social setting of both the original fairytale and the Disney adaption of The Little Mermaid are incredibly important when analyzing the differences between the two. Hans Christian Andersen wrote The Little Mermaid in 1837 in Denmark. Denmark’s state religion was Evangelical Lutheran until the mid 1800s, when freedom of religion was established with the conversion of Denmark into a monarchy. Read MoreWatchmen: What Makes a Hero?1566 Words   |  7 PagesVillain? Leslie O’Sullivan 2. The conflict between good and evil has been a prominent aspect of literature, and society itself, for ages. Many popular stories are based around the hero succeeding in their endeavours by defeating the arch nemesis; good conquers evil by performing in a manner that is deemed morally right. However, in Alan Moore’s, Watchmen, the notion of morality is questioned, suggesting that the line separating good from evil does not exist. Rorschach, the most morally influencedRead MoreHeloise and Abelard: Focus on Right and Wrong Essay937 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to Abelard morally wrong action are distinguished by four things. First, there is a mental vice that makes us prone to sin, such as lust and desire, followed second by the sin itself which is dependant on the situation. Third is the will for evil and finally the doing of evil. He holds these separate for â€Å"to will and to fulfill the will are not the same, so to sin and to perform the sin are not the same†(2-5 11-L). 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Without this this â€Å"sense† man would not be capable of doing wrong. One of Twain’s earliest experiments came shortly after reading about a group of men that organized a hunt for buffalo. Although the hunt provided food, it was ordered mainly for the pure entertainment of anRead MoreThematic Analysis Of Bless Me, Ultima1580 Words   |  7 Pages Thematic Analysis of Conflicts in, Bless me, Ultima Differences in others aid to the stimulation of ideas and opinions that expresses an individual s personality. In Rudolfo Anaya’s bildungsroman, Bless Me, Ultima, the struggle between two families and their extreme differences cause numerous conflicts that are constantly present throughout his novel. In this chicano inspired novel, Antonio Marà ©z, the six year old protagonist, is perpetually faced with instances of dissimilarity throughout

Compare / Contrast Baseball Essay Example For Students

Compare / Contrast Baseball Essay ENG 4AOJanuary 19, 2000Compare/Contrast EssayBaseball a true American game and past time that has been part of our lives from the beginning. It has stood the test of time simply because of its purity and infinite list of players that have ffostered the game to what it is today. Yet a single blemish remains that took place in 1919 when the World Series was thrown by eight players including Shoeless Joe Jackson. Shoeless Joe Jackson who last played major league baseball in 1920 and was suspended for life, along with seven of his compatriots, by Commissioner Mountain Landis, for his part in throwing the 1919 World Series Kinsella (6,7). Many of Shoeless Joes greatest fans including Ray Kinsella were deeply saddened to hear the news that their hero would no longer be playing baseball. The name Kenesaw Mountain Landis became synonymous with the devil Kinsella (7). In the novel Shoeless Joe by W.P Kinsella and the movie Field of Dreams by Phil Alden Robinson differ in terms of relationship s, characters,and are similar in plot, and have majical content. In each of the works the relationships between the charaters are contrasted. In the novel Annie was very supportive of her hard working husband Ray who rantheir farm. When Ray told Annie that he had heard voices in the field she was interested in what he had heard. The words Ray heard were If you build it he will come Kinsella (5). He could not believe what he was hearing. At first he thought he was dreaming. Ray knew the voice meant something about the baseball field. When he informed Annie about his dream she gave him her blessings and encouraged ray one hundred percent. In the movie however Annies perception of her husbands aspirations differed greatly. When Ray suggested the idea to Annie,she thought he was crazy and out of his mind. They had worked so hard to establish their farm that she did not want to give it up for such a risk. In the movie Annie was portrayed some of the characteristics that he brother Mark had shown in the novel. The relationship between Ray and the voice also differ between the two works. In the novel the novel Ray was instantly a ble to interpert what the voice was telling him. In the movie however Ray had a difficult time at first in finding out the intentions of the voice. What are you trying to tell me Robinson. These relationships were changed from the novel to the movie. there are many characters in the novel that have been deleated or altered for consumer purposes. In the novel J.D Salinger played a prominate role in Rays journey. The producer was unable to get permission from J.D Salinger to use his name in the film. Insted the film makers created a fictional character Terrance mann, an African American who allowed the movie to appeal to a broader range of ethnic groups. The novel also had two very important characters, Richard kinsella who was Rays twin brother and Eddie Scissons who had previously owned their farm. Richard Kinsella is my identical twin brother Kinsella (33). Thesecharacters were completly deleated in the movie Field of Dreams. This was perhaps to prevent complicating the plot. The writters had to allow the script to flow easily enough so that a general audience would understand. Therefore many changes were made to the characters. The main plot in both of the works Field of Dreams and Shoeless Joe were identical. Ray was sent on a journey by the voice to allow others to live out their dreams. Ray decided to accept the challenge to build a baseball field inorder toallow eight suspended baseball players to fulfill their destiny. Id have played free worked for food Kinsella (13). Shoeless Joes remark prove how dedicated and aspired he was to the game. In Field of Dreams as well as Shoeless Joe Rays real reason for building the field was to bring his father back. If you build ot he will come Kinsella (5). These words spoken by the voice were intended for Rays father John to come. The plot in each of the works is very similar. .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .postImageUrl , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:hover , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:visited , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:active { border:0!important; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:active , .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015 .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5295e674917d146512dcd553032d4015:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Shakes EssayIn each of the works